Old Mission San Juan Bautista

“Adventures of a Student Archaeologist” by Jewel Gentry

Jewel Gentry

Jewel Gentry lunches at a recent conference about the history of the Camino Real

Jewel Gentry is a Senior in the Integrated Studies program at California State University Monterey Bay, where for his Special Major he’s chosen to focus on Archaeology under the direction of Professor Rubén Mendoza.  President of The Society Of Student Archaeologists at CSUMB, Jewel is interested in both the Native Californian and Filipino periods of contact with the Spanish.   He has recently been working on a project called Digital Preservation and Mapping of the California Missions.  We’re very happy that Jewel could find some time at this busy start of the new academic term to tell us what he finds most interesting about his work at Mission San Juan Bautista and beyond.


“Speechless” isn’t the word to describe the depth of wonder I felt as Dr. Mendoza explained to me that several of the California Missions were built to interact with the light of the rising sun.  Even after he showed me multiple images, there was a part of me that needed to see it in person and, finally, on a brisk December morning, I witnessed something amazing.

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“What’s For Dinner?: Campsite Meals for Riders and Crew”

fruit stand

What to buy the motley crew to eat on The California Mission Ride?

IN A FEW DAYS I’ll meet up in Santa Cruz, California, with my fellow rider and filmmaker,  Gwyneth Horder-Payton, to shop for The California Mission Ride’s “rolling pantry.”  Our film crew will be following the ride in a vehicle that will carry film equipment, a first aid kit, and other items, including basic supplies for campsite meals as needed along the way.

Buying food for riders & crew, 11 people total, is no easy task. We have two vegetarians, at least as many hard-core carnivores, and a diverse array of taste buds to cater to (one crew member is British, another is Portuguese, and our American team members are from all over the country). We’ll have some elemental ingredients to work with in the pantry, like powdered milk, granola, dried fruits, nuts, onions and potatoes, garlic, tortillas, beans, rice, spices and a planter for fresh herbs.  Oh, and tablets of chocolate, including some cinnamon chocolate.

With the ride starting in Sonoma, we’ll take advantage of the region’s fantastic olive groves to stock up on local olive oil.   We’ll probably buy a big container of tasty oil at The Olive Press, affiliated with Cline Cellars, where we’ll ride out with locals from Sonoma for lunch on August 19.

artichoke on stalk

An artichoke on its stalk


A school of sardines, beautiful!

Along the trail, we’ll be trying to include immediately local ingredients for meals.  In San Juan Bautista, for example, we’ll savor artichokes cut from their stalks just before cooking (a true taste sensation compared with artichokes that have been harvested days ahead of eating), and in Carmel we’ll hope to dine on grilled sardines fresh from the bay of Monterey.

We also hope to experience at least a few Native Californian meals.  Gwyneth and I talked by phone about this a few days ago.  We figured we’d  try to have an Ohlone-style meal when we’re passing through the Bay Area, a key region of the Ohlone tribe’s ancestral homeland.  And maybe a Salinan-style meal when we reach the Salinas Valley.  A few big questions though: how would we sort out the best menus, and where would we find good ingredients on the  journey?

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INTERVIEW: Rubén Mendoza, Archaeologist

Ruben Mendoza

Rubén Mendoza, PhD, at the Royal Presidio of San Carlos in Monterey California, where in 2007 -2008 he led the research team that discovered the original Serra Chapels of 1770 and 1772

Dr. Rubén Mendoza is Director of the Institute for Archaeological Science, Technology, and Visualization at California State University, Monterey Bay.  He is an influential scholar, a much-loved professor, and a tireless explorer of past eras whose work has earned him numerous awards, honors, and major grants. Dr. Mendoza’s expertise ranges far in time and space, with notable research conducted in California, the Southwest, and throughout Mesoamerica.  At the California missions alone, he has led major investigations in Soledad, Carmel, San Miguel, and San Juan Bautista, where he also serves as the mission’s Curator.  Read our interview of Dr. Mendoza to discover more about his extraordinary life and work, and a bit about mission “ghosts” as well!

How did you decide to become an archaeologist?

My interest in becoming an archaeologist was first kindled in grade school as the result of a 4thgrade fieldtrip from Fresno, California, to Old Mission San Juan Bautista and Monterey.  During that excursion, my interest in early California history was born.  I saw ancient buildings, cowboys on horseback, and Indians afoot in the Plaza [of San Juan Bautista], not to mention my first ever sighting of the Pacific Ocean with its marine life.  Upon returning from that field trip to San Juan Bautista, I developed an unusual obsession with tracking down and reading history magazines devoted to the old West. Before that time, I had little interest in school, and as there was little in the way of reading materials in my childhood home, I didn’t have much of an interest in reading either. 

Tomato Boxes Transformed

Tomato boxes collected by a very young Rubén Mendoza are turned into a model of San Juan Bautista following a transformative field trip to the town and mission with fellow 4th-graders


San Juan Bautista, as such, awakened in me an intense interest in historic photographs and stories about Cowboys and Indians, and this in turn led me to build a scale model replica of the Old Mission community in the form of twenty-two wooden buildings crafted from tomato boxes collected in the alleys and landfills of Bakersfield, California.  Each of the diminutive buildings was fully furnished, and detailed to approximate what I remembered of the Old Mission town.  Some three years later, a chance trip to Mexico City and the ancient ruins of Teotihuacan, Mexico redirected my interest in California history into one devoted almost entirely to the art history and architecture of ancient Mexico and the US Southwest.

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